Enteric bacteria in water samples and marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei cultured in the state of Ceará, Brazil

Authors

  • Lucélia Sabóia Parente Universidade Federal do Ceará, Instituto de Ciências do Mar, Fortaleza, CE
  • Renata Albuquerque Costa Universidade Federal do Ceará, Instituto de Ciências do Mar, Fortaleza, CE
  • Gustavo Hitzschky Fernandes Vieira Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú, Sobral, CE
  • Eliane Moura Falavina dos Reis Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ
  • Ernesto Hofer Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ
  • Antonio Adauto Fonteles Universidade Federal do Ceará, Instituto de Ciências do Mar, Fortaleza, CE
  • Regine Helena Silva dos Fernandes Vieira Universidade Federal do Ceará, Instituto de Ciências do Mar, Fortaleza, CE

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/S1413-95962011000100006

Keywords:

Enteric bacteria, Water, Shrimp

Abstract

Samples of water (n = 28) and Litopenaeus vannamei (n = 28) from two shrimp farms in Ceará state, Brazil were evaluated for total coliforms (TC), total thermotolerant coliforms (TTC), coliform species diversity and Salmonella. No water sample presented TTC levels above the maximum level (2,500 MPN/100 mL) established by regulation for brackish water aquaculture producing seafood for human consumption. The most probable number (MPN) of TTC in shrimp samples ranged from <3 to 2.9 x 10(4) CFU/g. The coliform species most frequently isolated from water and shrimp was Escherichia coli. Only three (5.35%) of the 56 samples tested were positive for Salmonella (Newport and Saintpaul serovars). In spite of the low TTC levels observed, the presence of potentially pathogenic enteric bacteria in shrimp culture is a disquieting finding.

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Published

2011-02-01

How to Cite

Parente, L. S., Costa, R. A., Vieira, G. H. F., Reis, E. M. F. dos, Hofer, E., Fonteles, A. A., & Vieira, R. H. S. dos F. (2011). Enteric bacteria in water samples and marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei cultured in the state of Ceará, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 48(1), 46-53. https://doi.org/10.11606/S1413-95962011000100006

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Section

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