Estrotect® efficiency in identifying estrus in crossbred dairy cows
Keywords:Artificial insemination, Heat detection, Reproduction
Among the problems that reduce the reproductive efficiency in dairy cows the failure in estrus detection is a major factor. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of Estrotect®, a device that aids heat detection in cattle, and to compare it with visual detection in 58 crossbred Holstein/Gyr dairy cows producing 18.5Kg/milk/cow. The animals were divided into two groups: the TAI (n = 21) underwent a fixed-time artificial insemination protocol (TAI), and 10 days after insemination, the device was fixed to the cows. In the PG group (n = 37) prostaglandin (dinoprost tromethamine) 25mg/animal/IM was administered, and then the device was put in place. These cows were then monitored by ultrasound over a period of 28 days to verify the development of the corpus luteum. Logistic regression was used to find out if there were alterations in the efficiency of Estrotect® within the groups, and the McNemar test was used to compare its efficiency to that of visual observation. No group effect was detected (P> 0.05) on the efficiency of visual detection nor on that of the auxiliary device. Neither was there observed any difference between the efficiency of visual detection of estrus and that of the device (P> 0.05). The auxiliary tool for the detection of estrus, (Estrotect ®), proved to be just as effective as visual detection. Thus, it can be used as an auxiliary device in conjunction with visual observation, and also as a unique tool for the detection of estrus in order to simplify the management of large herds.
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