Spirocerca lupi induced acute myelomalacia in the dog. A case report

Authors

  • Eduardo Alberto Tudury Universidade Estadual de Londrina, PR.
  • Dominguita Luhers Graça Universidade Estadual de Londrina, PR.
  • Monica Vicky Bahr Arias Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, São Paulo, SP.
  • Ademir Benedito da Luz Pereira Universidade Estadual de Londrina, PR.
  • Mara Regina Ballarin Universidade Estadual de Londrina, PR.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.1994.52085

Keywords:

Spinal cord, Nematoda, Nervous system, Parasite migration, Spinal cord diseases

Abstract

A three-year-old crossbreed male dog was brought to the Neurology Unit because of an acute paraplegia. A clinical neurological examination indicated a spinal thoracolumbar syndrome evidenced by spastic paralysis of the hind limbs with no signs of deep pain sensation. Whereas the radiographic exams did not show any abnormality, cerebrospinal fluid changes indicated inflammation and hemorrhage. Serum titer for Toxoplasma gondii was 1:1024. The bacterial culture of the cerebrospinal fluid was negative. Since the animal did not improve with symptomatic treatment, it was euthanatized. The necropsy showed an extensive spinal hemorrhage from T8 to T11. Microscopic examination showed that paraplegia was due to the presence of an immature female Spirocerca lupi in the nervous tissue causing hemorrhagic myelomalacia.

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Published

1995-03-01

How to Cite

Tudury, E. A., Graça, D. L., Arias, M. V. B., Pereira, A. B. da L., & Ballarin, M. R. (1995). Spirocerca lupi induced acute myelomalacia in the dog. A case report. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 32(1), 22-26. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.1994.52085

Issue

Section

ANIMAL PATHOLOGY

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