Mortality of tambacus (Colossoma macropomum x Piaractus mesopotamicus) infected by Edwardsiella tarda
Keywords:Eutrophication, Fish infection, Septicemia, Edwardsiella tarda
An outbreak of mortality of tambacus (Colossoma macropomum x Piaractus mesopotamicus) cultivated in dug tanks at UCDB was reported. Animals had clinical surface symptoms of lethargy, anorexia, increased mucus production, cluttering and swimming toward the water. Macroscopic examination of three fishes showed hemorrhages of the fins and skin, corneal opacity, hemoperitoneum, gallbladder distension and repletion, congestion and hemorrhages of the digestive tract. Water quality analysis indicated large amounts of phytoplankton that proliferated as a result of the excessive organic matter causing eutrophication of the water. The microbiological examination of tambacus lesions revealed the presence of the bacterium Edwardsiella tarda. The cause of the tambacus death was attributed to opportunistic infection by E. tarda, favored by the imbalance due to the intense organic matter in suspended in the water. Deaths stopped after the correction of the water quality parameters.
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