Analisando a posição de mulheres muçulmanas em sociedades patriarcais e sua escolha em usar o hijab em meio ao contexto sociopolítico

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2446-5240.malala.2020.155901

Palavras-chave:

hijab, islã, dinâmicas muçulmanas masculino/feminino na sociedade patriarcal, emancipação, ideologias sociopolíticas

Resumo

As discussões sobre a opressão de mulheres muçulmanas no contexto de países muçulmanos e não muçulmanos concentram-se fortemente em sua posição na sociedade islâmica, em sua interpretação dentro do feminismo e em debates mais amplos sobre o uso do hijab. Principalmente, a adaptação do hijab como peça de vestuário, na maioria das vezes, se refere da pressão religiosa à social sob a influência patriarcal e se relaciona com ideologias políticas. Este artigo explora as histórias e fatos para além dessas narrativas, e descobre identidades inteiramente pessoais no que diz respeito ao hijab. Este artigo também incorpora teorias como ‘Orientalismo’, ‘Olhar masculino’ e discussões baseadas em livros como: Under Western Eyes, de Mohanty; Islam vs Islamism, por Peter R. Demant; The Headscarf Controversies, de Hilal Elver; e Beyond the Veil, de Fatema Mernissi. Além disso, a discussão principal com estudantes de diferentes países muçulmanos que vivem no Reino Unido esclarece que fatores como o contexto cultural ou a localização geográfica de alguém tem impacto nessas decisões. Além disso, tradição e etnia parecem ter uma influência significativa nas práticas religiosas. Através de estudos comparativos sobre a adaptação do hijab em diferentes países islâmicos, explica-se que a
subjetividade das mulheres muçulmanas em relação ao hijab não está longe de conotações políticas.

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Biografia do Autor

Syeda Sadia Mehjabin, Coventry University

Syeda Sadia Mehjabin is a part-time faculty of Internal Communication at University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh. Also, the Executive Advisor of Dhaka International Mobile Film Festival runs under Media Studies and Journalism department. She has been working with the electronic and print media for over ten years and as an ethnographic researcher observed the gradual shift of society from electronic to digital. While working for a News Channel, she has realised how media plays a crucial role in moulding our thinking capacity, and through semiotics creates an impact on perceptions. Recently, she has completed her second postgraduate from Coventry University with Course Tutor’s Prize, and currently working on her PhD topic. Her research interests include Orientalism, Hijab, Islam, Patriarchal Society, Ethnographic research, Emancipation, Socio-Political ideologies, Muslim feminism, particularly in topics such as psychoanalysis, forth look, dispositions, power, and control. Her research subject in the theory of critical thinking, developing communication through creative media, knowledge and culture. ORCID ID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0609-9633 Email: runia.syedasadia@gmail.com.

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Publicado

2020-12-23

Como Citar

Mehjabin, S. S. (2020). Analisando a posição de mulheres muçulmanas em sociedades patriarcais e sua escolha em usar o hijab em meio ao contexto sociopolítico. Malala, 8(11), 51-69. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2446-5240.malala.2020.155901