Revisão da anatomia do sistema nervoso central de Apis mellifera:

uma base teórica para estudos ecotoxicológicos

Autores

  • Patricia Azevedo Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar); Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP).
  • Roberta Cornélio Ferreira Nocelli Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar).

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7594/revbio.20.01.10

Palavras-chave:

fisiologia, sistema nervoso, cérebro, corpo pedunculado

Resumo

As abelhas são essenciais para a manutenção da variabilidade genética vegetal de plantas silvestres e cultivadas e, consequentemente, para a segurança alimentar mundial. Contudo, são altamente vulneráveis à ação neurotóxica de inseticidas, pelos quais têm como alvo de ação principal o Sistema Nervoso Central e Periférico. A busca por mudanças nas legislações vigentes para avaliação de risco e registro de agrotóxicos têm impulsionado diversos estudos ecotoxicológicos, sendo que avaliações dos impactos desses produtos em nível anatômico e celular são comumente utilizadas. Dessa forma, esta revisão buscou compilar informações essenciais da anatomia do Sistema Nervoso Central da abelha A. mellifera, espécie modelo e a mais estudada mundialmente, presentes na literatura e propõe novos esquemas, a fim de facilitar um primeiro contato do leitor com esse sistema visando orientar posteriores aprofundamentos sobre o assunto.

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2020-11-17

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