Mindfulness, mindful eating e comer intuitivo na abordagem da obesidade e transtornos alimentares

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1806-6976.smad.2020.165262

Palavras-chave:

Atenção Plena, Comportamento Alimentar, Comer intuitivo;, Transtorno Alimentar, Terapia Cognitivo Comportamental, Intervenções Baseadas em Mindfulness

Resumo

Objetivo: realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura acerca do papel das intervenções baseadas em mindfulness, mindful eating e comer intuitivo na abordagem do sobrepeso e obesidade e dos transtornos alimentares. Método: para esta revisão foram consultadas as bases PubMed, PePSIC, PsycINFO, LILACS, IBECS, SciELO e BVSPsi, e incluídos artigos publicados nos últimos 10 anos. Após o processo de análise dos estudos recuperados, 38
artigos compuseram o corpus final da revisão. Resultados: os estudos demonstraram os benefícios das abordagens centradas no mindfulness, mindful eating e comer intuitivo
no comportamento alimentar e nos aspectos emocionais e psicológicos dos indivíduos com excesso de peso e transtorno alimentar, reduzindo o comer emocional, comer guiado por
fatores externos, e episódios de binge eating; bem como reduzindo os níveis de estresse, ansiedade e depressão. Para a perda de peso, os resultados são menos consistentes, haja visto que diversos estudos não observaram diferença para este parâmetro. Conclusões: as intervenções centradas no mindfulness, mindful eating e comer intuitivo são promissoras para a abordagem do sobrepeso/obesidade e dos transtornos alimentares, especialmente no que tange ao comportamento alimentar e aos aspectos psicoemocionais.

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Publicado

2020-09-30

Como Citar

Barbosa, M. R. ., Penaforte, F. R. de O. ., & Silva, A. F. de S. . (2020). Mindfulness, mindful eating e comer intuitivo na abordagem da obesidade e transtornos alimentares. SMAD Revista Eletrônica Saúde Mental Álcool E Drogas (Edição Em Português), 16(3), 118-135. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1806-6976.smad.2020.165262