Efeitos do Programa Terapia Cognitiva Baseada em Mindfulness sobre estresse, autoeficácia e mindfulness em universitários

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1806-6976.smad.2020.165513

Palavras-chave:

Atenção Plena, Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental, Serviços de Saúde para Estudantes, Estresse Psicológico, Autoeficácia

Resumo

Objetivo: verificar os efeitos da participação no Programa Terapia Cognitiva Baseada em mindfulness sobre o estresse, a autoeficácia e mindfulness disposicional em alunos de
graduação. Método: estudo quasi-experimental longitudinal em uma amostra de 13 estudantes. Foram analisadas as variáveis estresse percebido, autoeficácia geral percebida e
mindfulness disposicional, mensuradas por instrumentos de autorrelato respondidos pelos participantes antes da primeira sessão e ao final da oitava sessão da intervenção. A intervenção teve duração de oito semanas. As análises utilizaram teste de Wilcoxon, correlação de Spearman e correlação parcial. Resultados: comparando os escores ao início e ao final do programa, estresse percebido reduziu e houve aumento da autoeficácia geral percebida e de mindfulness. Correlações entre os desfechos indicaram que mais idade está relacionada com maior autoeficácia geral e mindfulness; redução do estresse está relacionada com aumento da autoeficácia geral e de mindfulness; e aumento da autoeficácia está relacionada com aumento de mindfulness. Conclusão: os dados indicam que o Programa Terapia Cognitiva Baseada em mindfulness pode ajudar a desenvolver habilidades de mindfulness, reduzir o estresse percebido e aumentar a autoeficácia geral percebida, possivelmente contribuindo para o manejo de situações desafiadoras no contexto acadêmico, durante a formação, e após, na atuação profissional.

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Biografia do Autor

Mariana Ladeira de Azevedo, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Mestranda em Psicologia no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da UFSC, integrante do Laboratório de Psicologia Cognitiva Básica e Aplicada.

Carolina Baptista Menezes, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Professora do Departamento de Psicologia e do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da UFSC, coordenadora do Laboratório de Psicologia Cognitiva Básica e Aplicada.

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Publicado

2020-09-30

Como Citar

Azevedo, M. L. de ., & Menezes, C. B. . (2020). Efeitos do Programa Terapia Cognitiva Baseada em Mindfulness sobre estresse, autoeficácia e mindfulness em universitários. SMAD Revista Eletrônica Saúde Mental Álcool E Drogas (Edição Em Português), 16(3), 44-54. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1806-6976.smad.2020.165513