Intervenção baseada em mindfulness reduz parâmetros de sensibilidade em mulheres com DTM dolorosa crônica

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1806-6976.smad.2020.167701

Palavras-chave:

Atenção Plena, Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular, Dor Crônica, Hiperalgesia

Resumo

Objetivo: analisar parâmetros clínicos sugestivos de sensibilização central em mulheres com disfunção temporomandibular dolorosa crônica antes e após uma intervenção baseada em mindfulness. Método: onze mulheres com idade entre 27 e 44 anos (36,36 ± 5,61), com diagnóstico de disfunções temporomandibulares dolorosa crônica (Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders),participaram do estudo. A hiperalgesia, a alodinia e o limiar de dor à pressão foram avaliados em pontos trigeminais e extra-trigeminais antes e após a intervenção baseada em mindfulness, bem como a aplicação do questionário Mindful Attention Awareness Scale. O programa de mindfulness de 8 semanas foi oferecido às participantes do estudo, com base no protocolo Mindfulness Trainings International, em sessões semanais de 2 horas e uma sessão de 4 horas. Resultados: houve redução significativa da alodinia, da hiperalgesia e aumento do limiar de dor à pressão, além de aumento significativo do nível de atenção plena (p < 0,05) enquanto marcador de efetividade da intervenção baseada em mindfulness oferecida. Conclusão: índices mais saudáveis nos parâmetros clínicos sugestivos de sensibilização central investigados após a intervenção, representam melhora significativa na relação da pessoa com quadro de enfermidade crônica geradora de experiências desagradáveis contínuas como a disfunções emporomandibulares.

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Publicado

2020-09-30

Como Citar

Melchior, M. de O., Magri, L. V., Silva, G. V. da, Bataglion, C., Panissi, C. R. A. L., & Donato, E. C. da S. G. (2020). Intervenção baseada em mindfulness reduz parâmetros de sensibilidade em mulheres com DTM dolorosa crônica. SMAD Revista Eletrônica Saúde Mental Álcool E Drogas (Edição Em Português), 16(3), 64-72. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1806-6976.smad.2020.167701