Universities, Archaeology and Paulo Duarte.
This article aims to analyze the trajectory of the academic Archaeology in Brazilian Universities from an institutional perspective of the State of São Paulo. Choosing an externalist view of the history of science, one that insets science itself into a wider social context, we will discuss: the University of São Paulo foundation and the institutionalization of intellectual relations with France in the 1930s and 1940s; the work of Paul Duarte, Brazilian humanist, responsible, among other accomplishments, for the creation of the Institute of Prehistory ; the military coup and its aftermath on university’s Archaeology; and, at last, the political democratization in the 1980s and the insertion of Brazilian researches in the international arena.
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