Tecnologias em saúde aplicadas na reabilitação de mulheres com câncer de mama: revisão de escopo

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2317-0190.v27i1a168763

Palavras-chave:

Neoplasias da Mama, Tecnologia Biomédica, Reabilitação

Resumo

Objetivo: Identificar as tecnologias em saúde na reabilitação física de mulheres que desenvolveram alterações no membro superior homolateral após a cirurgia para o câncer de mama. Método: Trata-se de uma Scoping literature review. Realizou-se a busca nas bases de dados LILACS, PubMed e Web of Science e o mecanismo de busca Google Scholar. Os descritores utilizados foram: Breast neoplasms, Biomedical technology e Rehabilitation. Resultados: Foram selecionados 33 estudos. Entre as tecnologias leve-duras, a mais utilizada foram os programas de exercícios físicos, tanto para a limitação da amplitude de movimentos do membro superior quanto para o linfedema, sendo estas as mais estudadas. Já as tecnologias duras mais avaliadas foram acupuntura, terapia de laser de baixo nível e plataformas de exercício on line, sendo empregadas, principalmente, para complicações como dor e linfedema. Destaque para a inter-relação entre as diferentes tecnologias, e como estas compõem a assistência prestadas às mulheres com câncer de mama durante a reabilitação física. Conclusão: A maioria dos estudos utilizaram as tecnologias leve-duras, com destaque para os programas de exercícios, e a associação de diferentes tecnologias, de intensidade variadas, empregadas com bons resultados físicos. Além de atuarem no estímulo ao autocuidado e na orientação das mulheres quanto a autogestão das complicações, promovendo a autonomia, confiança e retomada de seus papéis sociais.

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2020-03-31

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