Relação entre força de preensão manual, força muscular periférica e resistência muscular respiratória em mulheres com fibromialgia: um estudo transversal

Autores

  • Natasha Teixeira da Cunha Melian Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC
  • Joaquim Henrique Lorenzetti Branco Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC
  • Guilherme Torres Guilherme Torres Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC
  • Alexandro Andrade Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC
  • Darlan Laurício Matte Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4650-3714

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2317-0190.v28i2a185921

Palavras-chave:

Fibromialgia, Força Muscular, Dinamômetro de Força Muscular, Força da Mão, Músculos Respiratórios

Resumo

A Fibromialgia (FM) é uma doença caracterizada por dor musculoesquelética generalizada e crônica. É comum a presença de outros sintomas como fadiga, depressão, distúrbios do sono, levando os pacientes a adotarem um estilo de vida sedentário. Objetivo: Verificar a força muscular e respiratória de mulheres com FM. Método: Estudo transversal que avaliou 41 mulheres com FM. Analisamos a força de preensão manual (FPM), a força de membros inferiores e a resistência dos músculos respiratórios por meio da manobra espirométrica. Resultados: Pacientes com FM tiveram redução significativa da FPM, tanto no membro superior dominante quanto não dominante. A força muscular periférica dos membros inferiores foi reduzida porque, em média, os participantes excederam tempos normativos do teste de levantar e sentar estipulados para as faixas etárias. Aproximadamente dois terços da amostra apresentavam valores máximos de ventilação voluntária abaixo do limite inferior da normalidade. Detectamos correlação inversa e moderada entre força muscular periférica e FPM do membro superior não dominante (r= −0,472; p= 0,002) e correlação inversa e fraca com a FPM do membro superior dominante (r= −0,374; p= 0,016); correlações fracas entre resistência muscular respiratória e FPM do membro superior dominante (r= 0,299; p= 0,058), FPM do membro superior não dominante (r= -0,317; p= 0,043) e força muscular periférica (r= -0,372, p= 0,017); e forte correlação entre FPM de membro superior dominante e membro superior não dominante (r= 0,899; p<0,001). Conclusão: Mulheres com FM apresentam redução da força muscular de membros superiores e inferiores, bem como da resistência dos músculos respiratórios inferiores.

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Publicado

2021-06-30

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